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Nepal at Glance

Land of lofty Himalayas and deep valleys, fertile Terai and green Hills, stumbling rivers and Lakes, tropical heat and piercing chill dense forest and vast grasslands, dazzling sunshine and dark caves, torrential rain and prickly sun, colorful merry festivals and calm severe meditation Nepal is the country of extremes. Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of natural beauty due to its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation. It is situated between India in the south and China in North with approximately 30 million peoples. The elevation of Nepal ranges from 60 m above the sea level to the highest point on earth Mt. Everest 8,848m above the sea level all within a distance of 150 km with climatic conditions ranging from sub-tropical to arctic.

Geography of NepalGEOGRAPHY
Nepal is a landlocked country lies between 800 4' and 800 12' east longitude and 260 22' and 300 4' north latitude. The total area comprises of 147,181 sq. km, its border touches Tibetan Autonomous Region of China in the north and India in the east, south and west. The country is almost like rectangular with average 885 km east-west length and average width of 193 km north-south. The country can be tentatively divided into three geographical regions running east to west. They are:

  • The Himalayan Region
  • The Mountain Region
  • The Terai Region

THE HIMALAYAN REGION
This region covers the mountain range whose altitude is 3,000 meters to 8,848 meters above the sea level. With spare human habitation, most of the areas have a wild landscape, undisturbed tranquility of the nature rules over the land. Along with Mt. Everest, the region includes eight of the 14 peaks of the world which exceed the altitude of 8,000 meters and many more mountains. The Himalayan region also divided into 3 regions:

  • Greater Himalaya
  • Boarder Himalaya / Trans Himalaya
  • Inner Himalaya / High Mountain Valley / Bhot

THE MOUNTAIN REGION
Mountain region covers the areas whose altitude is 600 meters to 3,000 meters above the sea-level and accounts for nearly 64 percent of total land area of the country. Along with the Mahabharat and Churia Mountain ranges, this region has many longitudinal fertile valleys of the principal rivers. Kathmandu valley is also situated in this very region. Likewise, the Himalayan regions are divided into 3 regions, Mountain region also divided into 3 regions:-

  • The Midland Range (Valley/Tars/Beshi)
  • Mahabharat Range
  • Churia Range

THE TERAI REGION
This region form a low flat land belt and includes the most fertile land and dense forest areas of the Country. It accounts 17 percent of the total land of the country. It has the width of 26 to 32 kilometers and its altitude does not exceed 305 meters above the sea level. This region is also divided into 3 regions:

  • Southern Terai Region
  • Bhabar Pradesh Region
  • Inner Terai Region

HISTORY:
Nepal is a country of ancient civilization which can be traced thousand of years before the birth of Christ (B.C). However, scientifically reliable documents that are available now date back only to the 5th Century AD when the Lichhavis ruled over the Kingdom. We have to be content with various Legends about the earlier periods until more authentic documents are found. Legends say that the very first dynasty to rule the Kathmandu valley was Gopala dynasty. Then ruled by Kiratas. After Kiratas, then came rulers of Lichhavis dynasty who improved the economy and making great contributions for the development f the art of building, temples, images and places. After Lichhavis period, another important era of Nepalese history is the Malla dynasty ruled around 13th century AD. Innumerable temples, palaces, idols and carving that are preserved in the valley, speak of the excellence in art and architecture during that period. In this sense Nepal has a long and a glorious history. By 1767 AD, the Great King Prithivi Narayan Shah of Shah Dynasty conquered various warring principalities and laid the foundation of modern Nepal. After Prithivi Narayan Shah, the campaign of the unification was given continuity by his younger son Bahadur Shah and was launched once again by the First Prime Minister of Nepal Bhimsen Thapa. However the expansion came to a halt when Nepal came into conflict with British India Company and signed the treaty of Sugauli which lost the most important territories of Nepal.  Another crucial chapter of the history began the fall of Rana Regime in February 1951, after a popular revolution Nepal saw the dawn of democracy. A democratic revolt of 1990 has reinstated the Multi-party democratic system since April 1990. A people movement of 2005 had removed the Shah Dynasty of constitutional monarchy. Nepal has been declared as Federal Democratic Republic by the First Constitutional Assembly on 28th May 2008.

TIME
Nepal is 5 hrs 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard time and other time differences are presented separately.

ELECTRICITY 
Electricity is only found in major towns with 220 volts/ 50 cycles.

LOCAL CURRENCY 
In Nepal Nepalese Rupee is subdivided into 100 paisa. The denominations of currency notes are available in 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, and 1000. Similarly, coins are available in 1, 2 and 5 rupees, which are in circulation.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE:
Foreign visitors other than the Indian nationals are required to pay in foreign currency. However, other payment must be paid in Nepalese currency. Exchange counter are available at the airport and local banks. There are also foreign exchange counters available at the different places of the cities. Tourists are advised to obtain and retained the foreign exchange encashment receipts so as to reconvert the unused Nepali currency into foreign currency. Visitors are required to fill the currency declaration form at the port of entry. Major national daily newspapers publish foreign exchange rates everyday.

VISA OF NEPAL
Foreign visitors for entering to Nepal can be obtained visa from the Nepalese Embassies, Consulate offices in your countries, at the point of entry from the Immigration Office at the Tribhuvan International Airport for the tourist arriving by air and tourist arriving by road can obtain visa at the immigration offices at the boarder with India and China. Similarly, the government has also revised existing tourist visa fee from 16th July 2008 AD. As per the new fee structure:

  • US $ 25.00 or equivalent foreign currency for 15 Days Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry.
  • US $ 40.00 or equivalent foreign currency for 30 Days Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry.
  • US $ 100.00 or equivalent foreign currency for 100 days Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry.

Likewise, the government has also revised fee required to extend days of stay and visa renewal. As per the revise fee structure, Tourist Visa can be extended by paying US $ 2 or equivalent Nepalese currency per day. Likewise, Multiple Entry facility can be obtained only for the extension period by additional US $ 20 and visa fee for the extended period. Similarly, tourists can renew their visa by paying Nepalese currency equivalent to US $ 3 on the regular visa extension fee.

OFFICIAL WEEKLY HOLIDAY
Government and most of the offices work six day a week. Saturday is the official weekly holidays in Nepal. Most of the shops are remains open from Sunday through to Friday, while Museum throughout the valley remains closed on Tuesday and other Government holidays. Other holidays are listed in the Nepalese calendar.

WORKING HOURS:
Government offices open from 10 A.M. to 17:00 P.M. during summer and till 16:00 P.M. in winter. On Friday, these offices are open till 15:00 P.M.

BANKS:
Banks are open between 09:00 A.M. to 5:00 PM, Monday to Friday.

Festivals

CLIMATE: Nepal's climate is best described as Sub-Tropical Monsoon general predictable and pleasant. The monsoon is approximately from the end of June to the middle of September. 80 percent of rainfall is by this durations and remaining of the year is dry. Spring and autumn are the best seasons for the trekking, peak climbing, expedition and others.  It has been classified into between four and six seasons, which are as follows:

  1. Winter Season (December to February)
  2. Autumn Season (September to November)
  3. Summer Season (June to August)
  4. Spring Season (March to May)

Nepal has diverse climate because of the topography which ranges from sea-level 75m to 8,848m the Highest Peak of the World Mt. Everest. The southern belts of Nepal Terai remain hot most of the year and temperature decreases gradually towards North as the altitude increases. Based on our experience, we have prepared a chart which shows the approximate temperatures at different altitudes in different months.

Altitude 1500m 2000m 2500m 3000m 3500m 4000m 4500m 5000m
Month Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max
Jan 4 20 2 18 -1 16 -2 14 -3 13 -4 12 -5 10 -12 6
Feb 7 22 4 20 2 18 1 17 -2 14 -7 12 -6 10 -12 8
Mar 9 24 5 23 2 20 1 20 -1 16 -5 14 -6 12 -8 10
Apr 10 32 8 27 5 24 1 22 0 18 -2 16 -4 14 -6 12
May 11 33 9 28 6 25 1 20 0 18 1 17 -2 16 -4 14
June 11 33 9 28 6 25 1 20 0 18 1 17 -2 16 -4 14
July 10 33 9 28 6 25 1 20 0 17 -2 16 -4 14 -6 12
Aug 10 31 10 28 6 25 1 20 0 18 -2 16 -4 14 -6 12
Sep 10 30 10 28 6 25 1 20 0 18 -2 16 -4 14 -5 13
Oct 8 39 7 26 5 24 0 19 -2 17 -4 14 -5 13 -8 12
Nov 7 22 6 24 4 22 1 18 -3 14 -5 12 -5 11 -10 10
Dec 5 21 4 20 2 18 -2 16 -4 14 -6 10 -6 10 -12 6

HEALTH:
International certificate of vaccination regarding current inoculation against cholera, typhoid and yellow fever is not required.

WATER: 
In Kathmandu, boiled and filtered water as well as mineral water is available in most of the hotels and restaurants. Elsewhere, it is advisable to use water sterilization tablets or stick to tea and soft drinks.

PAYING
Foreign visitors other than the Indian nationals are required to pay their hotel bills and air tickets in foreign currency.

PEOPLE:
Nepalese PeopleNepal’s population is about 25 millions. According to the census taken by the Central Bureau of Statistics state that there are 61 (presently 59) ethnic groups of people speak different languages. However most of the ethnic groups can be broadly divided into two groups: Indo-Aryans/Indo-Nepalese and Tibeto Mongolians/Tibeto Nepalese. Historically the people of the former group entered the territory of Nepal during the period of Muslim’s conquest in the Indian sub-continental and the latter came to Nepal across the Himalayas pass from the north and they inhabited the Himalayan valley and slopes. The latter group is the aboriginals of the country. In addition, there are many nomadic tribes in the hills and terai who have now submitted to the agrarian system.

BRAHMANS
Brahmans are the members of the highest social caste. There are two different categories of Brahmans namely “Kumai Brahmans” and “Purbiya Brahmans”. They are only differs in their derived homeland. The “Kumai Brahmans” are supposed to have come from Mountainous regions of Kumaon in the northern India west of Nepal. The “Purbiya Brahmans” came from the eastern part of Nepal and are found scattered across the country. The Brahmans are the priestly caste. The Brahmans priests are exclusively in all Hindu temples. Nepali is official language and was originally spoken by Brahman. They are better educated than other ethnic groups. They have occupied important government and educational posts in Nepal.

CHHETRIS & THAKURIS
In the caste hierarchy of Nepal, the Chhetris and Thakuris come in the second position after Brahmans. They are the rulers, leaders and warriors. The Brahmans are their Teacher and family priests. They are orthodox Hindu. Thakuris are originally come from the northern part o Nepal in the 12 to 13 century. In Nepal, Chhetris and Thakuris are among the most influential and well to do social class. They are mostly in the government services in the high ranked positions in the army and police. Some of them are remained farmers and are relatively poor and live like other ethnic group. Those living in the higher hills in the far western region lead hard lives because of lack of rain and farming is practiced in the river valleys and on the hill flanks.

GURUNG
In the middle hills and valley along the southern slope of the Annapurna Himalaya in the mid-western, Gurung live together with other ethnic group like Magars, Brahmans and Chhetis. They are sturdy and hardworking. They are mongoloid physiognomically. They extend their living territories from Gorkha in the east through Lamjung, Manang and Kaski to Syangja district. According to the Legend, the Gurung were wandering tribe that traversed west across Tibet prior to their entry into Mustang. They are pre-dates the introduction of Buddhism (7th Century). Their religious traditions are basically animistic. They celebrate Lhosar (New Year) at the end of December is according to the ancient calendar of western Tibet. A caste hierarchy divides that Gurung Community as “Char Jat and sora Jat” means group of four and sixteen class. Traditionally they prefer cross cousins marriage. They also have a tradition of “Rodi”, a club of boys and girls of similar age group where dancing and singing are preformed. They also perform other tradition dances Sorathi, Ghado, Ghatu and others on marriage and occasions. Most of Gurung are engaged in British and Indian Gurkha regiments.

MAGAR
Magar live in the western and central hills of Nepal. They had their own kingdoms until the 18th century and were closely associated with the Hindu Indo-Aryans in the west. Much of their cultural practices have been influenced by Chhetris. Today it is difficult to make any difference in the housing, dressing and farming practices of the two. The Magar have been sought after by the British and Indian armies and a great number serve in the Gurkha regiments. They speak a dialogue derived from Tibeto-Burman group of languages. Their religion is Buddhism. However they are also Hindu Magar. The Magar Community celebrates the festival dedicated to the goddess Kalingreatpomp (Hindu festival) where they sacrifice a lot goat during this occasion. Magar vaillage are typical with round and oval houses.

SHERPA
Sherpa is a combinations of Tibetan words Shar (East) and Pa (People) “people of the east”. They are migrated from eastern Tibet and now living in the eastern part of Nepal. Sherpa are the most famous among the Himalayan peoples because of their impeccable mountaineering skill which has made them as indispensable part of mountain expeditions as Leaders, Guides and porters. As an individual or in groups, they have set many records in the mountaineering world. Most of the sherpa live in Khumbu region of eastern Nepal in the vicinity of Mt. Everest along with Arun valley, Dudh Koshi river and its tributary areas. Traditionally in Sherpa community fraternal polyandry is found i.e. two brothers may marry one common wife. However, if there are three brothers, the middle one has to serve the Monastery as a Monk. For the four brothers, the group of two may marry two common wives. But this system is abolished from sherpa society these days. Sherpa observe many festivals during the year. The important festivals are Lhosar and Dumje festival in Sherpa community.

THARU
Tharu are one of the oldest and original indigenous ethnic groups to inhabit the Terai. They are spread across the length of Nepal’s plain and extend westward into the Kumaon foothill. The Tharu language has been greatly influenced by various Indo-Aryan such as Maithili in the eastern, Bhojpuri in the central and Awadhi in the western Terai. Tharus have their own unique religion and practice animism. Their culture is especially suited for the hot plains and they are actually immune to malaria. They have Mongoloid features with dark-brown, the Rana Tharu of the western Terai claim them as Rajput ancestry and speak their own language. There is much migration going on in the country now and the cultural definition of the people by area is difficult. Urban population is increasing by 7% each year and most cultures have intermingled. Tharu Marriages are particulars within the same tribes. Traditionally Tharu religion is to worship the spirits particularly of the forest.

NEWAR
Newar are the original inhabitant and indigenous ethnic group of Kathmandu Valley. They are natives of Kathmandu with greater concentration in the kathmandu valley, Banepa, Dhulikhel, Bhojpur, Bandipur, Tansen and other parts of Nepal. Newars are mainly traders. Despite the small percentage numerically, they contribute significantly and the creators of the splendid civilization of its three cities - Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur in the history, art, architecture,and business activities in the country. The skillfully - built temples and palaces, delicately-engraved stone and metal images, carved wooden columns and pillars, and the history laden shrines and chaityas of these three historical cities stand testimony to the Newar's artistic achievements. Newar speak their own language “Newari” also known as Nepal Bhasa which belongs to Tibeto-Burman family language. 

RELIGION:
Religious structure of Nepal has a unique place in the world. All the sects co-exist with universal brotherhood. Hindu and Buddhist are visiting the same places of pilgrimages. This serves as fine examples of fellow feeling. Tolerance in religious is one of the most remarkable features of Nepal culture. Nepal never witnessed religious riots. Overwhelming majority of the population are Hindu and Buddhist, they are many religious that are followed by different ethnic groups. Most of these sects are in the form of animism. They believe in host of spirits or supernatural beings as they worshipped by their generations.

HINDUISM:
Thousands of gods and goddesses make up the Hindu pantheon. Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva are the three major Hindu gods who have their own characteristics and incarnations. Each god has his own steed which is often seen kneeling faithfully outside that god and goddess temples. Symbolic objects are carries by the multiple hands of each deity which empowers them to perform great feats. The followers of Hinduism are roughly divided into three groups i.e. Nepali speaking Hindu of hilly region, the Maithili, Bhojpuri and Awadhi speaking groups of the Terai and the Newars of Kathmandu valley. They differ in customary practices; however they have indisputable arrangement as regard to broader philosophical aspects of the religion. 

BUDDHISM:
Sakyamuni Buddha is the founder of Buddhism who lived and taught in this part of the world during the sixth century BC. The great stupas of Swayambhunath and Boudhanath are among the oldest and most beautiful worship sites in the Kathmandu Valley.
The spinning of prayer wheels, prostrating pilgrims, collective chants and burning butter lamps are some Buddhist practices often encountered by tourist. a slip of paper bearing a mantra is kept inside the wheels so that prayers are sent to the gods when the wheel is spun. Scenes from the Buddha’s life and Buddhist realms are depicted on thangka scroll paintings which are used during meditation and prayer ceremonies. Many Buddhist followers are seen performing these practices in Swayambhunath , Boudhanath, and at other Buddhist sites around the Valley.

MORE INFORMATION

CUSTOMS FORMALITIES: 
Passengers arriving at Tribhuwan International airport (TIA) without any dutiable goods can pass through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable goods and articles, you have to be declared at the Red Channel. It is illegal to export goods over 100 years old. The Department of Archeology has to certify for export any metal statues, sacred paintings and similar objects before being taken out of the country. All bags must be declared and cleared through customs inspection at the airport of entry. Visitors are allowed to import the following articles for their personal use. Tourist can bring dutiable goods such as tobacco and liquors free of duty and other taxes subject to the following limits

  • Cigarettes 200 sticks
  • Cigars 50 sticks
  • Liquor, one bottle not exceeding 1.15 liter
  • Beer 12 cans
  • Binoculars
  • One movie camera with 12 rolls of film or one video camera
  • One ordinary camera with 15 rolls of film
  • One tape recorder with 15 tape reels or cassettes
  • One perambulator
  • One tricycle
  • One sleeping bag and one sock.

AIRPORT TAX:
An Airport tax of Rs. 770 + 565 tourism service charge per passenger is levied on departure to SAARC (South Asian) Countries and Rs. 1100 + 565 tourism service charge to other international destinations. Those flying within Nepal are required to pay Rs. 170 as the airport tax.

MAJOR TOURIST ACTIVITIES
Nepal is considered one of the best adventure destinations in the world. Nepal is geographically packs on extremely varied landscape into a small area. The immense contract in altitude and climate found here support a spectacular mix of lifestyles, vegetation and wildlife. Nepal is probably the only country in the world where you can climb the highest mountain of the world, trek to scenic countryside with icy pinnacles always in the background as well as enjoy jungle safari in forests considered to be the densest in the entire South Asian region.

TREKKING
Nepal is popular as one of the best destinations in the world to explore and experience the natural beauty and cultural riches through trekking. One can walk along the beaten trails or virgin tracks. Either way, you are in for an experience of lifetimes along with forests of rhododendron, isolated helmets and small mountains villages, birds, animals, temples. Monasteries and breathtaking landscapes, you will also encounter friendly people of different cultures offering an experience of traditional rural life. The trails follow ancient foot trails which meander through scenic river-ranks, intricately terraced fields and forested ridged connecting picturesque hamlets and mountain villages. Trekking in Nepal is an all season activity. They are four grades of Trekking in Nepal:

  • Easy Trekking (Elevation below 3500m)
  • Moderate Trekking (Elevation below 4500m)
  • Strenuous Trekking (Elevation below 5500m)
  • Very Strenuous Trekking (Elevation above 5500m)

MOUNTAINEERING & PEAK CLIMBING:
Nepal Himalaya region is the greatest mountains in the world with eights highest peaks that rise above 8,000m including Mt. Everest the highest peak in the world. Since 1949, the Nepal Himalayas have become a great theatre of mountaineering activities and the drama of success and failures have provided impetus to thousands of climbers to meet the ultimate challenges. To scale any of the mountain peaks in Nepal, expedition permits are needed which can be obtained from the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation, Mountaineering Section. However, climbing permit for trekking peaks can be obtained from Nepal Mountaineering Association.

RAFTING / KAYAKING / CANYONING
Rafting is one of the best ways to explore the typical cross section of natural as well as cultural heritage of the country. There are numerous rivers in Nepal which offer excellent rafting experience. You can glide on calm jade waters with magnificent scenery all about or rush through roaring white rapids in the care of expert river-men employed by government authorized agencies. The Government of Nepal has opened sections of 10 rivers for commercial rafting. Adventures are provided with world class services by rafting agents. Agencies here provide life jackets, camping gears and standard rafting paraphernalia needed by word-class rafters. An extremely popular sport in Europe, Canyoning is now available in Nepal.

JUNGLE SAFARI
While the high Himalaya makes up Nepal’s northern region, southern lowland known as Terai is covered with dense tropical jungles teeming with diverse wildlife and exotic birds. Here you will find some of the most exciting and popular safari destinations in the world. A visit to these parks involve game-staking by a variety of means i.e. foot, dugout canoe, jeep, elephant back etc.

CULTURE & HERITAGE SITES
Nepal offers astonishing cultural and religious sightseeing attractions found nowhere else. The three main historic cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur are known for numerous historical monuments, old palaces and palace square. Shrines and temples, ageless traditions and legends make Nepal a veritable living museum.

ROCK CLIMBING
For all those cliff hangers out there, Kathmandu offers a roster of stone walls that make for an experience of a lifetime. Now of late, rock climbing has become a popular sport in Kathmandu which offers some really terrific places for rock climbing. Narajun, Balaju, Shivapuri and Budhanikantha are some og the places where you can try this sport. Beside this, there are artificial wall which are commercial rock climbing in Kathmandu.

MOUNTAIN BIKING
The best way to explore Nepal is on mountain bike. Nepal’s diverse terrain is a mountain biker’s dream adventure come true. Mountain biking offers an environmentally sound way of exploring the magnificent country of its landscape and living heritages. There are plenty of dirt road and trails in Nepal to meet every mountain biker’s wildest fantasy. Mountain biking is specially recommended if you wish to explore urban centers of Nepal. You could even do the entire length of Nepal across the plains. Mountain bikes are available for rent for the day or longer in many of bicycle rental outlets in and around the city.

BIRD WATCHING
Nepal is a paradise for bird lovers with over 848 species (almost 8% of the world total) of birds. There are almost 500 species found in the Kathmandu valley alone. The most popular bird watching spot in Kathmandu are Pulchoki, Godawari, Nagarjun, Bagamati River, Taudaha and so on.

MOUNTAIN FLIGHT
Mountain flight in Nepal offers the closest possible aerial views of Mt. Everest, Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Makalu, the Tibetan Plateau and many more mountains of Nepal. Mountain flights appeal to all category of travelers and have become a popular tourist attraction of Nepal. For those, who have restricted time or other considerations for going to Trekking in Nepal, mountain flight offer a panoramic views of the Himalayas.

BUNGEE JUMPING
The ultimate thrill of a bungee jumping can now be experienced in Nepal at one of the best sites that this sport can boast of anywhere in the world. Nepal’s first bungee Jumping site is situated 160m over the Bhote Koshi River inviting you to experience the ultimate adrenaline rush in the surrounding of this amazing place.

CABLE CAR
Cable car is recent phenomenon in Nepal that has become extremely popular with the local and tourists alike. The 10 minute cable car ride takes the visitor to the temple of Gddess Manakamana who is believed to have the power to fulfill wishes. The temple of Manakamana is 125km to the west of Kathmandu.

PARAGLIDING
Paragliding in Nepal can be a truly wonderful and fulfilling experience for the adventure seeking. A trip will take you over some of the best scenery on earth as you share airspace with Himalayan griffin Vultures, Eagles, Kites and float over villages, monasteries, temples, lakes and jungles with a fantastic view of the majestic Himalayan. Paragliding is a weather dependent sport and the flying season in Nepal commences from November through February the month being November and December.

VILLAGE TOURS
Village tours allow visitors to experience a stay in a typical Nepali village. You will get to stay in home of one f the villagers and during your stay. You will get delicious local food and drink and comfortable accommodation provided by your host family. You will also get a chance to interact with the villagers and get to know their culture, tradition and way of life first hand. Besides, you will be contributing directly to the welfare of the village. Village tours can be experienced at Langtang, Chitwan, Lumbini, Solukhumbu, Illam, Tansen, Sirubari, Ghalegaun, Gorkha and among others.

SPECIAL INTEREST TOURS
Special interest tours are conducted in Nepal throughout the year to match all tastes. Lepidopterology 14 families’ butterflies are found in Nepal. These exotic species are especially visible in summer and the monsoon seasons. Similarly, fossils hunting, archaeological, Zoological, Geological, mythological, meteorological, historical tours fame hunting and other special interest take place through out all seasons. 

Trekking Permit:
Any foreigners interested to do trek in any part of Nepal should have obtained a Trekking permit from the Department of Immigration, Government of Nepal and other concerned authorities through any authorized Trekking companies of Nepal. 

Special Trekking Permit

SN

Trekking Region

Permit Fee

01

Dolpa District
I) Lower Dolpo

II) Upper Dolpo


Per week per person US$ 10.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency

For the first 10 days per person US$ 500.00 and after 10 days per day per person US$ 50.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency

02

Mustang District
I) Upper Mustang


For the first 10 days per person US$ 500.00 and after 10 days per day per person US$ 50.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency

03

Gorkha District
I) Round Manaslu

 

 

II)    Chhekampar & Chunchet VDC


From September to November per week per person US$ 70.00 and after 7 days per day per person US$ 10.00

From December to August per week per person US$ 50.00 and after 7 days per day per person US$ 7.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency.

From September to November per week per person US$ 35.00 for first 8 days.

From December to August per week per person US$ 25.00 for first 8 days or equivalent convertible foreign currency.

04

Taplejung District
Kanchenjunga region

Per week per person US$ 10.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency

05

Dolakha District
(Gaurishankar & Lamabagar

Per week per person US$ 10.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency

06

Humla District
(Simikot & Yari)

For the first 7 days per person US$ 50.00 and after 7 days per day per person US$ 7.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency

07

Rasuwa District
Thuman & Timure

Per week per person US$ 10.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency

08

Sankhuwasabha District
(Makalu region)

For the first 4 weeks per week per person US$ 10.00 and after 4 weeks per week per person US$ 20.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency.

09

Solukhumbu District
All the north-west area way from Thame to Nangpala

For the first 4 weeks per week per person US$ 10.00 and after 4 weeks per week per person US$ 20.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency.

10

Manang District
Nar-Phu valley and Northern area of Tilche village of Thochhe village


From September to November per week per person US$ 90.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency

From December to August per week per person US$ 75.00  or equivalent convertible foreign currency

11

Mugu District
Areas of Mugu, Dolpo, Pulu & Bhangri

For the first 7 days per person US$ 90.00 and after 7 days per person US$15.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency

12

Baijang District
Areas of Kanda, Saipal, Dhuli

For the first 7 days per person US$ 90.00 and after 7 days per person US$ 15.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency

13

Darachula District
Areas of Byas VDC

For the first 7 days per person US$ 90.00 and after 7 days per person US$15.00 or equivalent convertible foreign currency

Note:

  1. To get a group trekking permit an application form with other relevant document should be submitted through any registered trekking agency of Nepal
  2. Trekking fee can be paid in Nepalese currency. Not withstanding anything written above the Indian Citizen can pay in Nepalese currency equivalent to US Dollars

National Parks and Wildlife Conservation fees Structure.

SN

Name of Protected Areas

Entry Fee

01

Manaslu Conservation Area

Rs. 2,000.00

02

Annapurna Conservation Area

Rs. 2,000.00

03

Kanchenjunga Conservation Area

Rs. 2,000.00

04

Langtang National Park

Rs. 1,000.00

05

Sagarmatha National Park

Rs. 1,000.00

06

Rara National Park

Rs. 1,000.00

07

Shey-Phoskundo National Park

Rs. 1,000.00

08

Makalu Barun National Park

Rs. 1,000.00

09

Khaptad National Park

Rs. 1,000.00

10

Koshi Tappu Wild Reserve

Rs.    500.00

11

Shivapuri National Park

Rs.    250.00

SIGHTSEEING ENTRY FEES:

BHAKTAPUR ENTRY FEE:
For Foreign Nationals                            USD $ 10.00 per Person
For SAARC Nationals                            Rs. 50.00 per Person
Chinese Nationals                                  Rs. 50.00 per person

PASHUPATINATH ENTRY FEE
For Foreign Nationals                            Rs. 500.00 per person

PATAN ENTRY FEE
For Foreign Nationals                            Rs. 250.00 per person
For SAARC Nationals                            Rs. 25.00 per person

HANUMAN DHOKA ENTRY FEE
For Foreign Nationals                            Rs. 200.00 per person
For SAARC                                           Rs. 25.00 per person

BOUDHANATH STUPA ENTRY FEE
For Foreign Nationals                            Rs. 100.00 per person

NARAYANHITI PALACE MUSEUM
For Foreign Nationals                            Rs. 500.00 per person
For Chinese & SAARC Nationals            Rs. 250.00 per person

SWAYBHUNATH ENTRY FEE
For Foreign Nationals                            Rs. 100.00 per person

ART GALLERY (BHAKTAPUR):
For Foreign Nationals                            Rs. 20.00 per person
For SAARC Nationals                            Rs. 10.00 per person

CHANGUNARAYAN
For Foreign National                              Rs. 75.00 per person

Some hints regarding religious matters:
Religion is an integral part of Nepali life. Temples, images, scared paintings are to be seen everywhere. Majority of the peoples are Hindu in Nepal, nevertheless Buddhism has also important place in this country. Hinduism and Buddhism are so closely connected in Nepal that it could take a life times study to understand the complexities of country religion life. Visitors to Hindu temple or Buddhist shrine are expected to be unshoed as a mark of respect. In fact, a pair of open sandals is more convenient and comfortable while visiting the temples and stupas. In some of the temples, entrance may be prohibited for the non-Hindus. Leather articles are prohibited inside the temple precinct. It is better not to touch offerings or persons when they are on way to shrines. Beef is strictly prohibited among the Hindus. No female animal is killed for food. Walking around temple or Stupa is traditionally done clockwise. Generally, temples, Stupas and monuments are permitted to be photographed but it is better to seek permission first.

Social Outlooks:
The Nepalese people are friendly and hospitable by nature and the tourists in general will have no difficulty in adjustment; since the majority of our people live in rural areas, they have a simple and traditional outlook on life. Nepalese people live and share that with them. It is the spirit that we offer some practical guidelines that could help to make the stay delightful, homely and rewarding.

Here are few things/pointers to help you:
More than 90% of the Nepalese people live in the rural areas and they have their own traditions and customs. Nepalese people look like very simple and innocent. They take a special delight to company with any other peoples. They are more interested to talk with the foreigners even though they may not able to talk and understand foreign languages. So, there are certain things that are alien to our people and some of the points to keep in mind. It is better to be decently clad when visiting any place. Sun and beach wear is not ideal when roaming around the city or village. Brief shorts, bare shoulders and backs may not be appreciated. One need not to be stiff, and overdressed but just comfortably and decently covered.  Do not be offended if a Nepalese lady hesitates to shake hands. In Nepal, people and specially the ladies, do not normally shake hands when they greet one another, but instead press the palms together in a prayer-like gesture known as "Namaste".  Public displays of affection between man and women are frowned upon. Do not do something that is totally alien to our environment. We are hard on drug abuse; trafficking and possession of drugs are taken as serious offences.  Cheap charity breeds beggars but does not solve their basic problem. Therefore, do not encourage beggary by being benevolent.

 

P.O. Box: 6438 , Thamel, Kathmandu, Nepal
Tel: 4424112 | Fax: 00977-1- 4420490
Email: info@ecotrek.com.np
Web: http://www.ecotrek.com.np, http://www.kailashtour.com
Mobile No: 00977 - 98510 26595/98510 41622/98510 - 40074